OSH Answers Fact Sheets
Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. MORE ABOUT >
What is a joint health and safety committee?
In the Canadian legislation, health and safety committees are mentioned under slightly varying names. We have used the name joint health and safety committee to reflect its composition. The committee may also be known as the joint work site health and safety committee, occupational health committee, workplace safety and health committee, or occupational health and safety committee.
A joint health and safety committee (JHSC) is a forum for bringing the internal responsibility system into practice. The committee consists of labour and management representatives who meet on a regular basis to deal with health and safety issues. The advantage of a joint committee is that the in-depth practical knowledge of specific tasks (labour) is brought together with the larger overview of company policies, and procedures (management). Another significant benefit is the enhancement of cooperation among all parts of the work force toward solving health and safety problems. In smaller companies with fewer than a specified number of employees, a health and safety representative is generally required. Consult health and safety legislation applicable to your workplace for details.
Who is responsible for establishing a joint health and safety committee?
Employers are responsible for establishing workplace health and safety committees. Most Canadian health and safety legislation set guidelines for organizing the committee, the structure of the committee, meeting frequency, and the roles and responsibilities of committee members.
Employers establish terms of reference applicable to the formation, structure and functioning of the committee. Such terms of reference must ensure:
- Compliance with the OHS legislation.
- Effectiveness of the committee in meeting workplace specific needs.
- Widest possible employee involvement.
What does a joint health and safety committee do?
While exact roles may vary by jurisdiction, in general, the committee assists the employer to:
- Recognize workplace hazards.
- Evaluate the risk of accidents/incidents, injuries and illness.
- Participate in development and implementation of programs to protect the employees' safety and health.
- Respond to employee complaints and suggestions concerning safety and health.
- Ensure the maintenance and monitoring of injury and work hazard records.
- Monitor and follow-up hazard reports and recommend action.
- Set up and promote programs to improve employee training and education.
- Participate in safety and health inquiries and investigations, as appropriate.
- Consult with professional and technical experts.
- Participate in resolving workplace refusals and work stoppages.
- Make recommendations to management for accident prevention and safety program activities.
- Monitor effectiveness of safety programs and procedures.
Is a committee or a representative required by law?
A Joint Health and Safety Committee or the appointment of representatives is either mandatory or subject to ministerial decision in all Canadian jurisdictions. Certain types of workplaces may be exempt from this requirement, depending on the size of work force, industry, accident record, or some combination of these factors. Consult the most up-to-date applicable legislation to find out what are requirements for your workplace.
What are the sources of legislation regarding joint health and safety committees?
The following are references to the provincial and federal legislation where you will find the guidelines for joint health and safety committees from the different jurisdictions in Canada. Since legislation is amended from time to time, the jurisdictions should be contacted for the most current information.
Canada Labour Code, Part II (R.S.C. 1985, C. L-2), Sections 135 to 137
Workers Compensation Act, (R.S.B.C. 1996 as amended) Part 3, Division 4, Sections 125 to 140
Occupational Health and Safety Act (R.S.A. 1980, c. O-2 as amended), Section 31
Occupational Health and Safety Code (October 2003) Part 13 Joint Work Site Health and Safety Committee, Sections 196 to 207
Saskatchewan Employment Act (S.S., 2013, c. S-15.1), Sections 3-22 to 3-27
(Called: Occupational Health Committees)
Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996 (R.S.S., c. O-1, r.1), Sections 38 to 49
Workplace Safety and Health Act (R.S.M. 1987, c. W210), Section 40
(Called: Workplace safety and health committees)
Workplace Safety and Health Regulation (Man. Reg. 217/2006), Part 3
Occupational Health and Safety Act (R.S.O. 1990, c. O.1), Section 9(2)
Quebec (English language legislation)
Act respecting Occupational Health and Safety (R.S.Q., c. S-2.1), Chapter IV, Sections 68 to 86.
And the Regulation respecting health and safety committees (R.R.Q. 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6.1, O.C. 2025-83)
(Called: Health and Safety Committees)
Occupational Health and Safety Act (A.N.B. 1983, c. O-0.2), Sections 14 to 18
Occupational Health and Safety Act (S.N.S. 1996, c. 7), Sections 29 to 32
Prince Edward Island
Occupational Health and Safety Act (R.S.P.E.I. 2004, c. 42), Section 25
Occupational Health and Safety Act (R.S.N. 1990, c. O-3), Sections 37 to 40
(Called: Health and Safety Committees)
Occupational Health and Safety Act (R.S.Y. 1986, c. 123), Sections 12 & 13
Safety Act (R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1), Section 7.1
(Called: Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committee)
Also: Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (R-039-2015), Part 4
Safety Act (R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1), Section 7
(Called: Joint Work Site Health and Safety Committee)
When are health and safety committees required, how many people are on the committee, and who are the committee members?
Table One provides brief information about the committees: when they are necessary, size and representation. This summary is intended to provide basic facts. Please consult the legislation applicable to your workplace for exact information.
|Table 1 |
Legislation Requirements for Health and Safety Committees
|When do I need one?||Size of Committee||Representation|
|Canada||Mandatory - 20 or more employees||At least 2||At least half to represent employees|
|British Columbia||Mandatory - when there are 20 or more employees or when "required by order"||Not less than 4||At least one half must be worker representatives|
|Alberta||As directed by the Minister||At least 3 and not more than 12||At least two employees and one employer or or at least half employees|
|Saskatchewan||Mandatory - when 10 employees or more||At least 2 and not more than 12||At least half to represent employees|
|Manitoba||Mandatory - 20 or more employees as designated by Lt Governor||At least 4 and not more than 12||At least half to represent employees|
|Ontario||Mandatory - 20 or more employees, or when ordered by Minister, or where a designated substance is in use (no minimum number of employees)||At least 2 (fewer than 50 employees); At least 4 (50 or more employees||At least half to represent employees|
|Quebec||20 or more employees and where required by CNESST*||At least 4||At least half to represent employees|
|New Brunswick||Mandatory - 20 or more employees||As agreed upon by employees and employer||Equal Representation|
|Nova Scotia||Mandatory - 20 or more employees||As agreed upon by employees and employer||At least half to represent employees|
|Prince Edward Island||Mandatory - 20 or more employees||As agreed upon by employees and employer||At least half to represent employees|
|Newfoundland||Mandatory - 10 or more employees||At least 2 and not more than 12||At least half to represent employees|
|Yukon||Mandatory - 20 or more employees||At least 4 and not more than 12||At least half to represent employees|
|Northwest Territories||Mandatory - 20 or more, or as directed by Chief Safety Officer||Not Specified||Equal Representation|
|Nunavut||As directed by Chief Safety Officer||Not Specified||Equal Representation|
*CNESST = Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail
Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy, currency and completeness of the information, CCOHS does not guarantee, warrant, represent or undertake that the information provided is correct, accurate or current. CCOHS is not liable for any loss, claim, or demand arising directly or indirectly from any use or reliance upon the information.