OSH Answers Fact Sheets
Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. MORE ABOUT >
What are some good work practices to follow?
- Read, understand, and follow the instructions and recommendations described in the operating and maintenance manuals for tools and equipment you use.
- Stop the engine and disengage power before servicing.
- Work as a team. Do not start an engine, engage power, raise, or lower an implement or hoist without warning other people in the area.
- Lock out equipment by removing the ignition key and by disconnecting the battery cables.
- Always disable the electrical system by disconnecting a battery cable or removing fuses for a circuit when working on the electrical system (e.g., starter motor, radio, wiring, ignition, etc.).
- It is good practice to disable the electrical system when working on or near the safety air bags.
- Know how to work safely with all tools and equipment.
- Attach a "Do Not Operate" tag to the vehicle's control panel with the reason stated (such as 'no brakes').
- Use jacks and hoists to move and handle heavy components.
- Use solvents with a flashpoint above 60°C where possible to reduce the risk of fire.
- Clean up spilled oil, grease, fuel and other slipping and fire hazards immediately.
- Inspect compressed air hoses regularly, and immediately replace any which are cracked, worn or frayed.
- Ensure that air pressure reducers, gauges and moisture/dirt traps are cleaned and functioning.
- Dispose or recycle waste materials in accordance to government regulations.
- Above and underground tanks, pump pits, and similar areas are considered confined spaces and can be dangerous. Only specifically trained individuals are allowed entry. Contact your local jurisdiction for more information.
- Do not use gasoline for cleaning. Use cleaning solvents in approved containers.
- Do not wear rings, watches, ties, jewelry, or torn or loose clothing. Button up shirt front and sleeves. Tie back long hair.
- Do not run engines inside unless ventilation systems are attached, and the exhaust is vented outside.
- Change oily clothing and launder regularly to prevent skin irritation and dermatitis.
- Use safe lifting techniques when moving heavy parts.
- Do not allow customers, family or untrained people in the work area.
What are some general precautions to know when using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)?
- Wear approved safety glasses or goggles, or a face shield (with safety glasses or goggles), or other safety headwear as necessary when doing work such as grinding, hammering, cutting, welding, and working with batteries. Refer to the OSH Answers section Personal Protective Equipment for more information.
- Wear approved respiratory protection when sanding, grinding, and spray painting.
- Wear approved footwear with oil-resistant soles.
- Use approved protective headwear when working in pits, under hoisting equipment, or where there is the danger of materials falling from above.
- Protect yourself from sharp edges and protruding parts. Wear gloves and cover sharp objects with tape, rags or wooden guards.
- Check material safety data sheets (MSDSs) or safety data sheets (SDSs) for recommendations regarding PPE (gloves, respirator, etc.) when working with chemicals and materials.
- Special ventilation systems, respirators or separate supplied air (breathing air) may be required if working with certain chemicals or paints (e.g. isocyanates).
What are some good practices to know about spills?
- Reduce spills by using dip pans.
- Follow manufacturer's recommendations regarding the type of absorbent material to use if the product is spilt.
- When cleaning, drain excess fluid into appropriate waste containers. Treat the absorbent and liquid mixture in the same way you would safely handle the liquid.
- Place oily rags in a covered metal container.
- Dispose of absorbent according to local environmental requirements.
Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy, currency and completeness of the information, CCOHS does not guarantee, warrant, represent or undertake that the information provided is correct, accurate or current. CCOHS is not liable for any loss, claim, or demand arising directly or indirectly from any use or reliance upon the information.