OSH Answers Fact Sheets

Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. MORE ABOUT >

Download the free OSH Answers app
Download on the App Store Get it on Google Play

Search all fact sheets:

Type a word, a phrase, or ask a question

Garages - Working Under Vehicles

What is important to know when working in a garage pit?

  • Check pit for presence of flammable or other hazardous vapours.
  • Remove all flammable/combustible materials from pit.
  • Ensure that the ventilation system is working efficiently.
  • Place vehicle so there is room to get out of pit in an emergency.
  • Set chocks to keep vehicle from moving.
  • Use only explosion-proof lights. Ensure that light globes are not broken or missing.
  • Use pneumatic (air-powered) or explosion-protected tools as a safety precaution even though the pit has been checked for flammable vapours.
  • Do not drain a fuel tank over or near a pit. Vapours from gasoline and paint solvents are heavier than air.
  • Cover pit when not in use with solid, well-fitting boards or install guardrails on all sides of pit. Replace any guardrails that are damaged.
  • Do not jump across pits.
  • Wear a bump cap and protective eyewear.

What are some safety tips to know when using a jack?

  • Visually inspect the jack before each use.
  • Use only jacks that are maintained in good operating condition.
  • Place the jack securely on a dry, level, clean surface at right angles to the load.
  • Position the jack at the jack point recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.
  • Shift the vehicle with automatic transmission to park or to low gear, if it has a standard transmission, and apply the parking break.
  • Use chocks in front and back of the wheel that is on the diagonal from the wheel that will be raised (e.g., if jacking up the right, front wheel, use the chocks on the left, rear wheel).
  • Do not overload a jack beyond its capacity. All lifts must be vertical.
  • Do not position yourself where you could be pinned between the operating handle and the wall if the vehicle or jack moves accidentally.
  • If working alone, always arrange to have someone check on you at pre-arranged, regular intervals.
  • Place safety stands under the vehicle to support the vehicle if an employee must work under the vehicle.
  • Ensure that the safety stands are in good condition and positioned properly and that the correct support pins are used in adjustable axle stands.
  • Do not get under a vehicle that is supported by a jack only - always use suitable safety stands.
  • Ensure jacks are inspected regularly by a qualified person according the manufacturers specifications.
  • Ensure any defects are reported and the jack is taken out of service until a qualified person determines it safe for use again.

What are some tips for using a creeper?

  • Make sure the proper stands are in position in case of hoist failure or jack movement.
  • Wear appropriate eye and head protection.
  • Keep feet clear of other traffic.
  • Use tool trays on sides of cart to transport hand tools rather than on your chest.
  • Secure creepers in a wall rack when not in use.
  • Do not leave creepers leaning against the wall where they could be a tripping or "skate board" hazard.

Document last updated on October 3, 2016

Disclaimer

Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy, currency and completeness of the information, CCOHS does not guarantee, warrant, represent or undertake that the information provided is correct, accurate or current. CCOHS is not liable for any loss, claim, or demand arising directly or indirectly from any use or reliance upon the information.