How do you maintain control when handling pallets?
Ensure that forks are:
- High enough to go into the pallet.
- Proper width to provide even distribution of the weight.
- All the way under the load, reaching up to at least two-thirds of the load length.
How do you maintain control when lifting, tilting, and stacking a load?
- Lift the load straight until it is clear, then tilt back.
- Watch that the load does not catch on adjacent loads or obstructions.
- Do not raise or lower the forks before you stop the lift truck and set the brakes.
- Ensure that the forks are free of the load before backing up.
How do you maintain control when traveling?
- Tilt loads backwards.
- Travel with forks as low as possible from the floor and tilted back (maximum 10cm/4" above the floor).
- Match speed to driving, load and workplace conditions.
- Obey posted traffic signs.
- Decrease speed at all corners, sound horn and watch the swing of both the rear of the lift truck and the load.
- Watch for pedestrians.
- Avoid sudden stops.
- Travel in reverse when a load blocks your vision and always look in the direction of travel.
- Check for adequate overhead clearance when entering an area or when raising the forks.
- Watch out for the following dangers on the floor or roadway: oil spots, wet spots, loose objects, or holes, rough surfaces, people, and other vehicles.
- Approach at an angle when crossing railroad tracks.
- Maintain a safe working limit from all overhead power lines.
- Do not turn on ramps.
- Do not elevate the load when the forklift truck is on an incline.
How should you steer to maintain control?
- Have the load carried by the front wheels.
- Turn with the rear wheels.
- Do not turn a lift truck steering wheel sharply at fast speeds.
- Do not overload a lift truck. It can cause a loss of steering control.
- Do not add extra weight to a counterweight to improve steering.
How do you maintain control when driving in reverse?
- Face the rear.
- Sound horn before moving.
- Go slowly.
- Stop when vision is limited or blocked. Sound the horn and go slowly.
How do you maintain control when traveling up or downhill?
- Keep the forks pointed downhill without a load.
- Keep the forks pointed uphill with a load.
- Do not turn until on level ground.
How should you park the forklift truck?
- Secure lift truck when left unattended.
- Park in an approved location.
- Set the brakes.
- Lower the forks or load to the floor.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Turn off the motor switch.
- Disconnect battery or go through propane shut-down procedures.
Document last updated on June 7, 2013
Copyright ©1997-2013 Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety