When should an operator inspect the forklift truck?
An operator should inspect the forklift truck every day before using or before each shift.
What does a daily inspections involve?
The operator should carry out a visual check ("circle" check) before starting the forklift. After completing the visual pre-start check, the operator should do an operational pre-use check.
What should an operator inspect during the visual pre-use check?
- General condition and cleanliness.
- Floor - clear of objects that could cause an accident.
- Overhead - no obstructions.
- Nearby objects to avoid as you drive away.
- Fire extinguisher - present and charged.
- Engine oil level, fuel level, radiator water level (LPG, gas and diesel forklifts).
- Battery - fully charged; check cables for exposed wires; battery plug connections not loose, worn or dirty; vent caps not clogged; electrolyte levels in cells; holddowns or brackets keep battery securely in place.
- Bolts, nuts, guards, chains, or hydraulic hose reels not damaged, missing or loose.
- Wheels and tires - check for wear, damage, and air pressure, if pneumatic tires.
- Forks - forks not bent; no cracks present; positioning latches in good working condition; carriage teeth not broken, chipped or worn.
- Chain anchor pins - not worn, loose or bent.
- Fluid leaks - no damp spots or drips.
- Hoses - held securely; not loose, crimped, worn or rubbing.
- Horn - working and loud enough to be heard in working environment; other warning devices operational.
- Lights - head lights and warning lights operational.
- Seatbelt and/or operator restraint device (if equipped) - belts and restraints work properly; no visable wear or damage; anchors, buckles, etc. function properly.
What should an operator inspect during the operational pre-use check?
- Foot Brake - pedal holds, unit stops smoothly.
- Parking Brake - holds against slight acceleration.
- Deadman Seat Brake - holds when operator rises from seat.
- Clutch and Gearshift - shifts smoothly with no jumping or jerking.
- Dash Control Panel - all lights and gauges are operational.
- Steering - moves smoothly.
- Lift Mechanism - operates smoothly (Check by raising forks to maximum height then lowering forks completely.)
- Tilt Mechanism - moves smoothly, holds (Check by tilting mast all the way forward and backward.)
- Cylinders and Hoses - not leaking after above checks.
- Listen for any unusual sounds or noises.
Report any problems identified in daily check to the supervisor immediately.
Document last updated on September 1, 2008
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