OSH Answers Fact Sheets
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When should you inspect chain slings?
Inspect chain slings and accessories before each use and before placing into storage. Check for visible faults in links and hooks and distortion of fittings.
How should you check chain slings during inspection?
A competent person should inspect chain slings periodically, according to the manufacturer's recommendations. For record keeping purposes it is useful if each chain has a metal tag with an identification number and load limit information. Information about the chain length and other characteristics and an inspection schedule should be recorded in a log book.
- Clean sling before inspection.
- Hang the chain up or stretch the chain out on a level floor in a well-lighted area. Remove all twists. Measure the sling length. Discard if a sling has been stretched.
- Make a link-by-link inspection and discard if:
a) Wear exceeds 15% of a link diameter.
Cut, nicked, cracked, gouged, burned, or corrosion pitted.
c) Twisted or bent.
d) Stretched. Links tend to close up and get longer.
- Check master link, load pins and hooks for any of the above faults. Hooks should be removed from service if they have been opened more than 15% of the normal throat opening, measured at the narrowest point, or twisted more than 10° from the plane of the unbent hook.
- Manufacturers' reference charts show sling and hitch capacities. Record manufacturer, type, load limit and inspection dates.
How should you use chain slings safely?
- Always know how to properly use the equipment, slinging procedures before attempting the lift operation.
- Inspect the slings and accessories before use for any defects.
- Replace broken safety latches.
- Find out load weight before lifting.
- Check whether chain slings fit freely. Do not force, hammer or wedge chain slings or fittings into position.
- Keep hands and fingers from between load and chain when tensioning slings and when landing loads.
- Ensure the load is free to be lifted.
- Make a trial lift and trial lower to ensure the load is balanced, stable and secure.
- Balance the load to avoid overstress on one sling arm or the load slipping free.
- Lower the working load limit if severe impact may occur.
- Pad sharp corners to prevent bending links and to protect the load.
- Position hooks of multi-leg slings facing outward from the load.
- Do not leave suspended loads unattended.
- Cordon off the area.
- Reduce the load limit when using chain in temperatures above 425°C (800°F).
- Store chain sling arms on racks in assigned areas and not lying on the ground. The storage area should be dry, clean and free of any contaminants which may harm the sling.
What should you avoid when using chain slings?
- Avoid impact loading: do not jerk the load when lifting or lowering the sling. This increases the actual stress on the sling.
- Do not drag chains over floors or attempt to drag a trapped sling from under a load. Do not use a sling to drag a load.
- Do not use worn-out or damaged slings.
- Do not lift on the point of the hook.
- Do not overload or shock load a sling.
- Do not trap slings when landing the load.
- Do not splice a chain by inserting a bolt between two links.
- Do not shorten a chain with knots or by twisting other than by means of an integral chain clutch.
- Do not force or hammer hooks into place.
- Do not use homemade connections. Use only attachments designed for the chain.
- Do not heat treat or weld chain links: the lifting capacity will be reduced drastically.
- Do not expose chain links to chemicals without the manufacturer's approval.
Document confirmed current on August 29, 2013
Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy, currency and completeness of the information, CCOHS does not guarantee, warrant, represent or undertake that the information provided is correct, accurate or current. CCOHS is not liable for any loss, claim, or demand arising directly or indirectly from any use or reliance upon the information.