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A fire safety plan is a detailed document that covers all aspects of fire safety for a specific building or property. The plan will outline:
Fire safety plans are often required by your local Fire Code, especially for certain buildings and occupancy rates. Check with your jurisdiction, municipality, or local fire department for further information. Some municipalities and/or fire departments may prefer that a template or standard format be used by all businesses in their area to help when they have to respond to emergencies.
Plans should be specific to the property or business. Conducting an audit or review of the property or business will help identify factors that could affect fire safety. Items in this audit include site layout, points of entry/exit, roadways, use of the building, where and how items are stored, how items are used, water or fire department connections, alarm/sprinkler systems, and many other factors.
While specific requirements may vary by jurisdiction, in general, a fire safety plan should include:
Fire safety plans should provide employees or building occupants with the instructions they need to leave the building (or respond as appropriate) in the event of a fire. Examples of content for the plan may include instructions such as:
If you discover a fire:
If you hear a fire alarm:
In the event of a fire:
Items to be considered include:
|Fire Protection Measures|
|Fire safety plan, and fire protection systems||Examples|
|Does the fire safety plan include, at minimum, the following items?|| |
|Has the fire safety plan been communicated to every employee or occupant?|| |
|What information is needed when calling for emergency services?|| |
|Are designated employees given the education and training required to perform assigned duties?|| |
|Are appropriate inspections conducted?|| |
|Fire doors/exits, Lighting|
|Are emergency exits and fire extinguishers accessible?|| |
|Are fire doors installed and maintained properly?|| |
|Is appropriate emergency lighting in place?|| |
|Are fire extinguishers clearly marked?|| |
|Are fire extinguishers properly installed?|| |
|Are fire extinguishers inspected regularly?|| |
|Are smoke and fire alarms in place?|| |
The examples outlined below do not list all the possible items that may be a fire hazard. The best checklist for your workplace is one that has been developed for your specific needs. You can add or delete information in this checklist to match your workplace.
Use the checklist and answer yes or no to the questions. Follow up any "no" answers with corrective action. Possible controls as suggestions for corrective actions are also given.
|Fire Hazard Audit/Checklist|
|Hazard Question||Possible Controls|
|Has the workplace taken fire safety precautions for operations that have exposed flames?|| |
|Are all sources of ignition identified?|| |
|Are operations involving hot work such as welding, grinding or cooking considered as potential source of fire hazard?|| |
|Has the use of a space heater been identified as a fire hazard?|| |
|Is all wiring installed properly and appropriate to the current or voltage ratings?|| |
|Chemical Storage, Handling, Distribution, Dispensing|
|Is an inventory of all flammable and combustible materials available?|| |
|Are precautions for flammable and combustible materials taken?|| |
|Are precautions taken when dispensing containers of flammable liquids that generate static or sparks?|| |
|Are flammable and combustible materials stored and used in a safe manner?|| |