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In Canada, the WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Material Information System) label is one of the ways health hazard information is made available to anyone using the material. Labels are required by WHMIS laws.
Labels are important because they are the first alert there may be hazards associated with using the product covered by WHMIS legislation. The labels also tell what precautions to take when using the product. In addition, labels also inform the person that there is a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) available which contains more detailed information on the product.
Suppliers are responsible for labelling WHMIS-controlled products that they provide to customers. Employers and sometimes employees are all responsible for labelling or relabelling products in the workplace, as directed in occupational health and safety legislation. This includes labelling controlled products with workplace labels, decanted products, laboratory chemicals or piping and bulk containers where a controlled product is being held or is flowing.
Yes. A WHMIS label can be a mark, sign, stamp, sticker, seal , ticket, tag or wrapper. It can be attached, imprinted, stencilled or embossed on the controlled product or its container. However, there are two different types that are used most often: the supplier label and the workplace label.
There are slightly different requirements for what must be on the label depending on who is required to put the label on the product.
If a supplier label is not attached to a controlled product you are not to use the material until the supplier gives you an MSDS and a supplier label.
A supplier label must:
Supplier labels for materials from a laboratory supply house that are intended for use in a laboratory in amount less than 10 kg. and any controlled product sold in a container with less than 100 ml may contain less information than listed above.
If the product is always used in the container with the supplier label, no other label is required (unless the supplier label falls off or becomes unreadable). However, sometimes you will want to put some of the material into another container for use in the workplace. This new container does require a workplace WHMIS label.
A workplace label must:
These are the minimum requirements for workplace labels. The employer may wish to put more information on the labels but it is not required under the law.
Supplier labels must have a hatched border around the information on the label but labels prepared in the workplace do not necessarily have to have hatched borders.
The Hazardous Products Act and the Controlled Products Regulations specify, among other things, what suppliers and importers are required to do with respect to MSDSs and labels. Section 20 of the Controlled Products Regulations prescribes label design requirements for supplier labels and Schedule III has a picture of how the label should look.
It is occupational health and safety legislation, not the Controlled Products Regulations, that describe what employer must do when preparing workplace labels. For example, section 10.41 on "Replacing Labels" in the Canada Occupational Safety and Health Regulations states:
"Where, in a work place, a label applied to a controlled product or a container of a controlled product becomes illegible or is removed from the controlled product or the container, the employer shall replace the label with a work place label that discloses the following information in respect of the controlled product
(a) the product identifier;
(b) the hazard information; and
(c) a statement indicating that a material safety data sheet is available in the work place."
This section does not require employers to use WHMIS symbols and a hatched border when preparing workplace labels. However, nothing in the regulations prevents an employer from using the WHMIS requirements for designing supplier labels when prepare workplace labels. Provincial OH&S legislation have similar provisions.
You must use a workplace label on the container. There are two special cases when a workplace label is not necessary. When a controlled material is poured into a container and it is going to be used immediately, no label is required. Also, if the material is "under the control of the person who decanted it" (which means if the person who poured it will be the only one using it) and if the material is all used during one shift, just the product identifier (name) is required. However, if the material is not used right away or if more than one person will be in control of the material, a workplace label is required. Your company may have special rules about labelling containers so you should ask about labelling policies.
Material that is shipped in bulk also follows special rules. The tank or container that the bulk material is transferred into must be labelled with either a supplier label or a workplace label. When the material is moved into containers for resale or delivery out of your workplace, you must put a supplier label on each container. When the bulk material is used in your workplace (usually transferred into smaller containers), a workplace label is required on the containers.
Not necessarily. Pipes and reaction vessels may be marked in other ways such a colour coding, or placards. However, it is the employers duty to train workers how to recognize and interpret the markings used in your workplace.
Sometimes. Laboratory samples of controlled products that are less than 10 kilograms do not have to have a WHMIS label as long as there is a label which states the following in both English and French:
Class A - Compressed Gas
Class B - Flammable and Combustible Material
Class C - Oxidizing Material
Class D, Division 1 - Poisonous and Infectious Material: Immediate and serious toxic effects
Class D, Division 2 - Poisonous and Infectious Material: Other toxic effects
Class D, Division 3 - Poisonous and Infectious Material: Biohazardous infectious materials
Class E - Corrosive Material
Class F - Dangerously Reactive Material