Details of Fact-checking COVID-19 information
Tips to Evaluate COVID-19 Resources
From the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, an enormous amount of information has been communicated about the virus and how to keep ourselves and our workplaces safe.
Unfortunately, not all of this information is reliable. It might not be applicable to your specific workplace situation, or it could change as the pandemic continues to evolve. Here are some tips on determining if you should use a particular COVID-19 resource.
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Three questions to ask
Before using COVID-19 guidance information in your workplace, make sure it is trustworthy, applicable, and current. Here are three fact-checking questions you can ask.
1. Can the information source be trusted?
Always use official sources that are credible and trustworthy, such as those who:
- Are widely recognized as trusted subject experts.
- Post guidance that is based on accepted scientific data and research.
- Use a critical appraisal process to form their decisions.
- May have the legal authority to set policy and write legislation.
- Provide current and applicable legislation and guidance.
- Are impartial and unbiased.
- Are transparent about their purpose, mandate, and funding.
- Provide links to other credible sources and references.
- Are supported by other official sources.
- Offer assistance with interpreting and applying the requirements.
- Work to disprove unsubstantiated, harmful, and biased COVID-19 misinformation.
Credible information sources include:
- Federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal governments.
- Current posted occupational health and safety legislation.
- Canadian occupational health and safety regulatory offices.
- Public health organizations and authorities.
- Enforcement officers and inspectors.
- Global organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Journals that publish peer-reviewed scientific literature.
- Certified occupational health and safety consultants and medical professionals.
- Industry associations.
Here are some trustworthy occupational and COVID-19 information sources:
- Federal and provincial government departments responsible for occupational health and safety in Canada.
- Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC).this is a link to an external website
- World Health Organization (WHO).this is a link to an external website
- Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS).
2. Does the information apply to my workplace?
COVID-19 guidance isn’t always one-size-fits-all. Make sure you are using the appropriate information for your workplace and the type of work being done.
Your workplace might have sector-specific regulations, requirements, and guidance. For example, healthcare settings have very specific personal protective equipment (PPE), isolation, and disinfection requirements that must be followed.
The jurisdiction in which your workplace operates is also important. Your workplace may be regulated at the federal, provincial, or territorial level, and each jurisdiction has its own legislation covering health and safety.
3. Is the information current?
Check the original publication date, ‘currency date’, or ‘last updated’ date. The current situation, knowledge, and guidance may have changed since the information was first published. For example, instructions from the government regarding essential services, building occupancy and gathering size limits, mask use, and other protective control measures could change as the pandemic continues to evolve. Health and safety legislation is also periodically updated or revoked; make sure you are not using an outdated or archived version, especially if you got the information online. Continue to check for updated information so you can adjust your workplace’s response.
The COVID-19 ‘infodemic’
The abundance of misinformation circulating about COVID-19 and the pandemic response has led to the World Health Organization (WHO) declaring a COVID-19 ‘Infodemic’.
We’re not just fighting an epidemic; we’re fighting an infodemic. ~ WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus at the Munich Security Conference, February 15, 2020
Infodemic: overabundance of information – some accurate and some not – that occurs during a disease outbreak. It can lead to confusion and ultimately mistrust in governments and public health response.
Infodemic management: applying risk and evidence-based interventions to reduce the negative impacts of the infodemic on health behaviours.
Organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) are working to understand and develop ways to combat the COVID-19 infodemic on a global scale. Learn more about the infodemic and the emerging fields of Infodemiology and Infodemic Management:
- Infodemic Management – Infodemiology (WHO). this is a link to an external website
- Communication and Information: Response to COVID-19 (UNESCO). this is a link to an external website
Hoaxes, myths, and misinformation about COVID-19 can spread rapidly on social media, undermining public health and safety efforts and resulting in harm to people.
While many platforms have fact-checking tools, you can help stop the spread of COVID-19 misinformation by:
- Not sharing rumours and speculation.
- Double-checking your facts.
- Using trusted sources to get news and information.
- Asking “how do you know that’s true?” when discussing COVID-19.
- Speaking up when you see false information being shared.
COVID-19 information found on social media can be incorrect. Several COVID-19 myths have been debunked:
- 5G mobile networks do not spread COVID-19.
- Wearing a mask does not cause carbon dioxide intoxication or oxygen deficiency.
- Injecting or ingesting bleach does not cure COVID-19 (in fact, it is very dangerous to do so).
Fact-checking websites and tools
Here are some helpful websites and tools that you can use to check COVID-19 information you come across.
- False and misleading claims, Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). this is a link to an external website
- Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Mythbusters, World Health Organization (WHO). this is a link to an external website
- How to report misinformation online, World Health Organization (WHO). this is a link to an external website
- Myths & Misinformation, University of Toronto – Gerstein Science Information Centre.this is a link to an external website
- How to recognize a reliable source of information on health, Government of Québec. this is a link to an external website
- COVID19MisInfo.org, Ted Rogers School of Management.this is a link to an external website
- Fact Check Tools, Google.this is a link to an external website
- A Guide to Our Coronavirus Coverage, FactCheck.org. this is a link to an external website