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Consider blood, saliva and gingival fluid from all dental patients as having the potential for infection. Refer to Routine Practices for preventing transmission of bloodborne infectious diseases.
Replace torn or punctured gloves immediately.
Use new gloves for every patient.
Wear gowns when blood or body fluids are likely to soil clothing.
Change gowns daily or when visibly soiled with blood or body fluids.
Wear masks, face/eye protection or chin-length plastic face shields (with safety glasses or goggles) to protect your mouth and nose (oral and nasal mucosa) from the splatter of blood, saliva or gingival fluid.
The decision to begin a post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for HIV infection is based on the judgment of a health care professional and should be a joint decision with the exposed worker. PEP often involves taking a combination of 2 or 3 antiretroviral drugs for about 4 weeks. PEP can help reduce, but not eliminate, a person’s risk of infection. The PEP should begin as soon as possible, as it may be less effective if started more than 72 hours after exposure.