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Consider blood and body fluids from all patients as potentially infective. Refer to Routine Practices for preventing transmission of bloodborne infectious diseases. Common routes of exposure include punctures from an infected needle or sharp, entry via mucous membranes (e.g., nose, mouth, etc.), and any open wound.
Report immediately suspect fluid exposure, or a needlestick or sharp injury to a designated person or health care professional.
Please also see the OSH Answers document HIV/AIDS in the Workplace for more information.
Replace torn or punctured gloves immediately.
Use new gloves for every patient.
Wear protective eye wear, masks or face shields (with safety glasses or goggles) during procedures likely to generate droplets of blood or body fluids.
In general, protective eye wear, masks and clothing are not needed for routine care of AIDS virus-infected persons.
Wear gowns when the splashing of blood or body fluids may occur.
The use of gloves does not eliminate the need for hand washing. Hand washing is one of the most important procedures for the prevention of transmission.