If you are at risk for head injury at your workplace, you should wear the appropriate head protection against impact and small flying or falling objects.
- If head protection is required, establish a complete safety protection program including selection, fit testing, training, maintenance and inspection.
- Choose the correct headwear for the job. Refer to CSA Standard Z94.1-15 "Industrial protective headwear - Performance, selection, care, and use" or the legislation that applies in your jurisdiction.
- Classes of headwear can include:
- Type 1 - protection from impact and penetration at the crown (top) only
- Type 2 - protection from impact, penetration at the crown (top) and laterally (sides and back)
- Each type is also available in the following classes:
- Class E (20 000 V electrical rating) - provides head protection against high voltage conductors
- Class G (2200 V electrical rating) - provides head protection against low voltage conductors (general trades)
- Class C (no electrical rating)
- Headwear consists of a shell and the suspension. These parts work together as a system and both need regular inspection and maintenance.
- Do not transport headwear in rear windows of vehicles. Heat and UV light (including sunlight) can damage the material, making it brittle and less protective.
- Inspect headwear before each use.
- Always check with the manufacturer when adding or using accessories (non-metallic stickers, tape, bandanas, handkerchiefs, welder's cap, etc.).
- Inspect winter liners to ensure they do not interfere with fit of headwear.
- Do not draw the chin strap over the brim or peak of the headwear.
- Do not wear baseball style hats under the headwear as it interferes with the suspension.
- Only wear the hard hat with the peak at the back, if the suspension has been adjusted so the nape strap remains at the back of the head. Check with the manufacturer to ensure the headwear was designed to be worn this way.
- If high visibility headwear is required, consult with CSA Standard Z96 High-visibility safety apparel for colour and retroreflective performance specifications.
- Insect repellant or other chemicals can degrade the headwear material. Ask the manufacturer if the products are compatible.
Note: Certain CSA Group standards are available for online viewing. To access these, you must first create an account with “CSA Communities”.
Go to: https://community.csagroup.org/login.jspa?referer=%252Findex.jspa
Once you are logged in, click on the text below the “OHS Standards / View Access” graphic.
Click on the jurisdiction of your choice to see the CSA Standards as referenced in that legislation. Standards may also be purchased from CSA Group: https://store.csagroup.org/