What are some troubleshooting tips for hoods, ducts, air-cleaning devices & fans?
Low Capture Velocity
Hood located too far away from process or operation generating point.
Cross drafts or turbulence close to hood.
Blocked duct work.
Increased resistance through air-cleaning equipment.
Reduced Face Velocity
Unauthorized enlargement of the opening of an existing hood. The face velocity at the hood will decrease resulting in the escape of contaminants held back by the original face velocity.
Ducts handling particulates with inadequate transport velocity (speed).
Flexible ducts used in place of rigid ducts (results in extra friction loss).
Condensation of salts.
Elbows with sharp turns.
Holes in ducts.
Disconnected or broken branch connections.
Closed or partially closed dampers (blast gates).
Addition of hoods and branches to system without making adjustments to rebalance the ventilation system.
Air Cleaning devices
Improper filter type and/or installation.
Improper bag cleaning cycles.
Water intrusion into the filter.
Filter hopper not continuously emptied and cleaned.
Improper "clean start-up procedure" for new bags.
Visible dust in baghouse on the clean air side or in exhaust stack
Bags installed improperly.
Torn or damaged bags.
Leakage between bags and housing.
General filter fabric failure.
Sudden increase in pressure drop
Excessive dust loading due to lack of maintenance and scheduled cleaning.
Dirty re-circulated air
Air bypassing filter section (rip or tears in filter).
Dirty air handling cabinet housing.
Exhaust stacks placed close to supply air intakes.
Visible mould or slime
Drain pans not operating properly.
Drain pans overflowing.
Out of balance fan impeller.
Material on fan blades.
Loose fan housing or foundation bolts.
Fan running backwards.
Foreign material in fan housing.
Insufficient air flow
Fan running backwards.
Fan speed too slow.
Dirty fan blades.
Actual system has more resistance than designed for.
Leaks in duct work.
Dirty or clogged filters in air cleaning device.
Obstructed fan inlets causing system effects (No straight duct runs at fan inlet or outlet).
Fan not getting adequate make-up air.
Excessive air flow
Access door open.
Filters not in place or tears in filters.
System resistance low.
Fan speed too fast.
Fan does not operate
Electricity turned off .
Fan impeller touching housing.
Motor too small (overload protector had broken circuit).
Fan load too large for motor.
Document last updated on September 1, 2016
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